In this article, we will share facts about the Great Salt Lake, a lake located within the American state of Utah. It is the largest salt water lake that is on the western side of the Mississippi River, and the biggest lake in the Western Hemisphere. The modern Great Salt Lake comes from Lake Bonneville, a freshwater lake that formed during the last Ice Age. Lake Bonneville was 135 miles wide, 1,000 miles deep, and 325 miles long.
The Great Salt Lake that we know of today emerged roughly 10,000 years ago. It was first explored thoroughly in the year of 1843 by one John C. Fremont and his party. A few years later, the Latter-day Saints arrived and began using the islands located at the lake for cattle and picnics while using the lake itself for swimming and enjoyment.
Lake Bonneville was a freshwater lake. But as it began to shrink, the salt and other minerals within became more and more concentrated within the water. Due to the accumulation of this salt with no ability to flow into an ocean, the body of water became a saltwater lake.
The lake has become a refuge for birds in the middle of migration. They feed and grow at the lake before it is time for them to continue on. The species of birds that stop for refuge at the Great Salt Lake include the bald eagle, barn owl, and the northern harrier, just to name a few.
In conclusion, the Great Salt Lake is not only the body of water that influenced the naming of Salt Lake City but a lake that is known for its size, minerals, and refuge for a lot of species of bird each year. It will certainly be wonderful to see how the lake continues to evolve throughout the years.